A History of the Kenilworth Chess Club

by Michael David Wojcio

1972-1980 | 1980-1990 | The Club Championship | Exhibitions | The Future


My Introduction to Chess

It's hard to separate the history of the Kenilworth Chess Club from the history of my life.

Drafted into the U.S. Army during the Viet Nam War in 1968, when I was 20-years-old, I became interested in running. I ran a lot while stationed at Fort Dix in New Jersey and Fort Gordon in Georgia. I did not then know how to play chess. Maybe I knew how the pieces moved, but not even the most basic rules. I served in Okinawa in the Military Police as a dog handler and I was fortunate not to see combat. After I was honorably discharged, I entered college and decided to study in England for a semester. This was 1971. While I was studying at Brighton College of Education (now University of Brighton) in Brighton, England, I met Alyson Jones at a college Christmas dinner. Years later she became Alyson Mason and now has a beautiful family in Abingdon, England. I thank her for teaching me more about the royal game, but one thing I will never forget is when she showed me how to castle kingside, moving two pieces at once. She emphasized the importance of safety. Chess is like a mirror and reflects life. Having just left the Army during one of America's most terrible conflicts, this idea struck me deeply. You might say that chess became a refuge for me.

When I came back to Kenilworth in 1972, I had started to play chess a lot with my friend Rob Swails and my sister Diane. But I was still more into running. I usually went out running around the Brearley High School track in town. On these runs I often saw another fellow running about the same time and one day stopped to say hello to him. His name was Vinnie Smith, and he turned out to be an avid chess fan. I told him that I had just learned chess while a student in England and really enjoyed the game. Vinnie was active in chess and a co-founder, with Joe Walyus, of the Kenilworth Chess Club that had just formed during the summer of 1972, at the height of the Fischer craze. He invited me to come and play and join the club, which even then met in the Community and Recreation Center on the Boulevard, within walking distance of my house.

So if it were not for running, I don't know if I would have played as much chess....

I’ll never forget that first day when I came in September of 1972. I was nervous. Mind you, I never played against competitive chess players before. My first opponent was George Zayat. After he soundly defeated me, George suggested that I should buy some chess books. Soon I became a member and also met Richard Lawrence, Ed Hoag, Andy Wolman, and Mark Shoengold--some of the earliest members of the club. Vinnie Smith ran the club in the early days. I remember Ed (who was an A-player) showing us some opening variations to try to exchange pieces and draw a master. I am so truly happy I joined this club, since the friendships that I have made throughout the years were so important to my life.

The founders of the Kenilworth Chess Club: (left to right, top)
Herman Arasio, Ed Hoag, George Zayat, Unknown, Bobby Small, Richard Lawrence;
(left to right, bottom) myself, Vinnie Smith, Andy Wolman, and Sy Fish.
Note: All photos can be clicked to enlarge.

Players from the 1970s

During the early years we played matches against the Hillside Club, Westfield Club, and some others in the Raritan Valley and North Jersey Chess Leagues. There were also many matches and ladder tournaments to see where you ranked with other members. I’ll never forget the first team match I went to in the spring of 1974. I was playing a 1300 player and lost a Bishop in 10 moves and then the game. He was younger than I was and was very excited about my blunder. He told his captain of the team right away about the way he won the piece. I both envied and admired these young kids who had the advantage of learning chess early. Vinnie told me that he had met another young player who had a lot of talent and invited me to help him with a simultaneous exhibition at a mall. It was 17-year-old Scott Massey. He later came and gave a lecture at our club that year. Scott was someone who occasionally came to our club in the early years, though he had organized and ran the Hillside Chess Club (also founded in 1972). I thought he was the best player I ever saw and could beat anyone in the area. Yet when John Fedorowicz came to our club to play a home match he defeated Scott. John later became a GM. In those early days Steve Stoyko was also a member and I remember him giving us a simultaneous exhibition. Many good players visited our club throughout the 1970s, including Life Master Edgar McCormick. Edgar had been a member of the legendary Log Cabin Chess Club in West Orange (frequented by Weaver Adams, John Curdo, and Bobby Fischer) before he founded the Independent Chess Club and later played at Westfield. Edgar had played chess for many years, from before WW II (when he served in Iceland), and he even played a game against the great Frank Marshall back in 1938 (likely when he was very young)! He was the first person who showed me the Noah’s Ark Trap (probably named for how long it's been around), where the advancing Black pawns can trap White's Bishop in the Ruy Lopez:

Ruy LopezC71
Noah's Ark Trap 

Endre Steiner
Jose Capablanca

Noahs Ark Trap (10)
Budapest, 1929

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 d6 5. d4?! It's tough to see that this can get White in trouble. 5... b5 6. Bb3 Nxd4 7. Nxd4 exd4 8. Qxd4? 8. Bd5! Rb8 9. Bc6+ saves the Bishop. 8... c5! Black gains a necessary tempo on the Queen in order to trap the Bishop. 9. Qd5 Be6 10. Qc6+ Bd7 11. Qd5 c4-+ 12. Bxc4 bxc4 13. Qxc4 Nf6 14. Nc3 Be7 White has a pair of pawns for the piece, but it is not sufficient. Capablanca now demonstrates the win. 15. O-O O-O 16. a4 Be6 17. Qd3 Qa5 18. Bd2 Qh5 19. h3 Rfc8 20. b3 d5 21. exd5 Rd8 22. Qg3 Nxd5 23. Ne4 Bh4 24. Qh2 Nf6 25. Nd6 Qg6 26. Ba5 Rd7 27. c4 Ne4 28. Qf4 Bxf2+ 29. Rxf2 Nxf2 30. Kxf2 Rxd6 31. Qxd6 Qf6+ 32. Kg3 Qxa1 0-1




I took a few lessons from Edgar and he taught me “passed pawns must be pushed,” "don’t be passive--counterattack," and one thing I should have listened to more: “take your time" or "sit on your hand before making a move." Edgar was twice New Jersey State Champion (1951 and 1972) and served as president of the NJSCF for a time. When he passed away in March 1991, I attended the Memorial Service for him at the First Congregational Church in Westfield, along with many other people who were involved in chess on the East coast. I think his family was rather surprised by how many people were affected by him and wanted to turn out. Among those giving dedications were GM William Lombardy, Dr. Richard Lewis, Glenn Petersen, Irving Ellner, Scott Massey, and Edgar's niece.

Despite his conservative demeanor, Edgar liked to play some sharp lines. With Black he played the Scandinavian or Center Counter (1.e4 d5), Chigorin Defense (1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nc6), and Albin Counter Gambit (1.d4 d5 2.c4 e5 3.dxe5 d4) and with White the Frankenstein-Dracula Variation of the Vienna (1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Bc4 Nxe4!? 4.Qh5!?) -- all very sharp and tactical. Yet he could also play "simple chess" and often defeated opponents in the endgame. The following game features a bit of both his styles: a wild and complicated middlegame followed by a nice technical win against one of the great American players.




Exchange Variation 

Arthur Bernard Bisguier
Edgar Thomas McCormick

US Open (7)
Omaha, 1949

1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Nf6 3. c4 c6 4. d4 4. dxc6 Nxc6 is a good gambit for Black, who plays e5 and Bc5. 4... cxd5 5. Nc3 e6 6. Nf3 Be7 7. Bd3 O-O Transposing to the familiar Panov-Botvinnik Attack, with its typical Isolani or (as in this game) Hanging Pawns. 8. O-O b6 9. b3 9. cxd5! Nxd5 (9... exd5 10. Ne5 ) 10. Nxd5 Qxd5 11. Qc2 9... Bb7 10. Bb2 Nc6 11. Rc1 Rc8 12. Qe2 dxc4 13. bxc4 Re8 14. Rfe1 Nb4 15. Bb1 Bxf3 16. gxf3 16. Qxf3 Qxd4 and White cannot safely move the Knight at c3 without dropping the Bishop at b2. 16... Qd6 16... Qxd4?! 17. Ne4! (17. Nd5!? Qh4!) 17... Qd7 (17... Qd8 18. Rcd1 Qc7 19. Nxf6+ gxf6 20. a3 Na6 21. Qd3 f5 22. Qc3 ) 18. Rcd1 Qb7 19. Nxf6+ Bxf6 20. Bxf6 gxf6 21. Qd2 Kh8 (21... Rxc4? 22. Qh6 ) 22. Qxb4!? (22. Be4 Qe7 (22... Nc6? 23. Qh6 f5 24. Kh1!+-) 23. Qh6 Rg8+ (23... f5 24. Bxf5 Rg8+ 25. Kh1 Rg7 26. Rg1 ) 24. Kh1 Rg7 25. Rg1 Rcg8 26. Rxg7 Rxg7) 22... Rg8+ 23. Kf1 Qxf3 24. Qb3 Qg2+ 25. Ke2 Qg4+ 26. Qf3 17. Ne4 Qf4 18. Kh1 Rc7 19. a3! Nc6 20. d5! This leads to wild complications. 20... exd5 21. Nxf6+! gxf6 22. Rg1+ White can hardly be blamed for missing the best line: 22. cxd5! Nd4 23. Qd3 Qxf3+ 24. Qxf3 Nxf3 25. Rg1+! Nxg1 26. Rxg1+ Kh8 (26... Kf8?? 27. Bxh7+-) 27. d6!! Rc6 28. dxe7 Rxe7 and the two Bishops are better than the Rook. 22... Kf8 23. Bxh7 Qxh2+! 24. Kxh2 Bd6+ 25. Kh1? 25. Be5!! Rxe5 26. c5! bxc5 27. Qb5 rescues the Queen. 25... Rxe2 26. Bxf6 Ne7! 27. cxd5 Rxf2 28. Bxe7+ Kxe7 29. Rge1+ Kf6 30. Be4 Bc5 31. Rc2 Rxc2 32. Bxc2 Bxa3 33. Be4 Rc1 34. Rxc1 Bxc1 35. Kg2 Ke5! Edgar demonstrates that not all Bishops of opposite color endings are draws! 36. Kf2 Kd4 37. d6 b5 38. Ke2 Kc3 39. Bd5 a5 40. d7 Bg5 41. f4 Bd8 42. Bxf7 a4 43. Kd1 Kb2 and Black will force a Queen, so White resigns. 0-1


You can learn more about the "50th Jubilee" US Open in Omaha, Nebraska where this game was played by checking the following site online at http://www.huntel.net/jjirous/usopen49.htm. There you will discover that Edgar finished an impressive 12th out of 70.

Steve Stoyko simul, circa 1973
Click photo to enlarge.

Stoyko and Bill Freeman, c 1975.
Click photo to enlarge.

Our club was very active from its founding in 1972 to the mid 70’s. Chess was alive on the heels of the Fischer-Spassky match of 1972, but by about 1978 the “Fischer Boom” was starting to subside and the club started losing members. Not many people showed up at the meetings. Then in about 1979 the Elizabeth Chess Club needed a building. The Elizabeth Club had new chess sets, boards, chess clocks, score sheets, and magazines. The condition to get these new supplies was that we let them move in with us and change the name to the Kenilworth-Elizabeth Chess Club. Everyone agreed, and we saw a substantial increase in our membership. By that time Vinnie only occasionally appeared and expert Irving Ellner, who had been president of the Elizabeth Club, began to take charge. The club gained more members from Elizabeth when this change occurred and Irving started the ladder tournaments again. There were many chess books that Irving donated and gave to the club as prizes. And the club membership was a dollar, which also encouraged more players to join. Irving was the president from 1979 to 1985, when he informally gave the job to me.


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Updated June 08, 2005